. martin luther king jr. day , MLK , i have a dream speech
On Monday, the United States celebrates the birth anniversary of Martin Luther King Jr., one of the most prominent faces of the country’s civil rights movement. A public holiday is designated for the occasion, bearing the name of King, and the third Monday is devoted to it in January of every year.
Dr. King was born on January 15, 1929 in Atlanta, Georgia, where the worst manifestations of racial discrimination and discrimination prevailed. However, armed with peaceful means in resisting the injustice that prevailed in his society, he was able to contribute to changing the face of the United States.
Darkness cannot expel darkness
King, who was a pastor besides being a human rights activist, has many quotes immortalized in history, including “darkness cannot drive out darkness, only light can do it, hatred cannot drive out hatred, only love can do it.”
This American national hero received a doctorate in theology, and in 1955 helped organize the first major protest of the African American civil rights movement, the bus boycott in Montgomery, Alabama.
The historic boycott that spanned a year and broke the state’s apartheid law, paved the way for her. Rosa Parks refused to vacate her seat on a bus for a white passenger, as was the case at the time, so the driver called the police to arrest the black woman who later became a symbol of the struggle for equality that the United States is proud of .
Influenced by Indian resistance fighter Mahatma Gandhi, King called for civil disobedience and nonviolent resistance to apartheid in the southern United States, yet the peaceful protests he led were often met with violence. Resilience and adherence to the principles of peace, however, was the response of King and his followers to this, giving impetus to the movement that was getting stronger.
“I have a dream”
King appealed to the support of the federal government and white Americans in the northern states through his strong manner of speech and his advocacy of Christian and American values. On August 28, 1963, a historic march to Washington to demand jobs and freedom led by activists Bayard Rasten and I Philip Randolph culminated in King’s famous “I Have a Dream” speech.
And 250,000 people gathered in front of the President Abraham Lincoln Memorial near the White House, to hear the speech in which he said that the demonstrators came to the capital from all sides to “demand a debt owed to them … and America did not pay it.” “Instead of fulfilling what I pledged to do, America gave the Negroes a check without balance, a check returned and it was written that the balance was not enough to be spent,” King said.
In the course of the speech, the well-known singer of hymns, Mahalia Jackson, cried, “Martin, tell them about your dream … Martin tell them about your dream.” The priest who was accustomed to Sunday mass sermons took hold of the end of the podium and then breathed deeply before saying, “I have a dream … I tell you today, my friends, that despite the difficulties and frustrations, I still have a dream.”
“I have a dream that one day this nation will rise and live the true meaning of its national belief that all people are created equal.”
“I have a dream that my four children will one day live in a country where judgments are not made against them for the color of their skin, but for their personalities.”
“This is our hope .. Let the bells of freedom ring and sing .. Free in the end! Free in the end! Thank you, Lord, we are free in the end!”
In 1964, the American civil rights movement achieved two of its most important successes: the passage of the 24th Amendment to the US Constitution that abolished the poll tax, and the Civil Rights Act of 1964, which abolished discrimination on the basis of race in employment and education and criminalized segregation in public facilities. Later that same year, King became the youngest Nobel Peace Prize winner.
King’s struggle ended on April 4, 1968, when he was assassinated at the Lorient Motel in Memphis, Tennessee, by a former convict named James Earl Ray. King was preparing to appear in front of a mass gathering that night and preparing to lead a rally in Memphis to support the strike by sanitation workers, which was about to explode in a number of American cities.
The killing of a symbol of the struggle of African Americans did not stop the dream they had longed for.